PLA | Polylactide or Polylactic Acid (PLA) is a biodegradable polyester based on lactic acid – a natural acid produced mainly by fermentation of sugar or starch with the help of micro-organisms. Modified PLA types can be produced by the use of the right additives or by certain combinations of L- and D- lactides which then have the required rigidity for use at higher temperatures.
PLA has characteristics similar to PP, PE and PS and is extensively used to replace single-use plastic packaging products and disposable cutleries as well as 3D printing/additive manufacturing
PHA | Polyhydroxy Alkanoates (PHA) belong to a family of biodegradable polyesters. PHA can be found naturally or produced industrially. When produced industrially, PHAs come with different mechanical properties and are compostable and biodegradable under the right conditions.
PHA has characteristics similar to PE and is being used for blown films and to replace single-use packaging products, shopping/grocery bags.
Bio-blends or Bio-composites | A combination of biobased materials like starch, natural fibers or food waste with traditional plastics used to imbue a natural aesthetic and enhance physical characteristics while reducing amount of non-renewable petroleum-based plastic.